TIẾNG ANH 11 - TIẾT 13: UNIT 2: RELATIONSHIPS - LANGUAGE 3

                                                             GRADE 11 - Week 5 – Period 13

UNIT 2: RELATIONSHIPS

LESSON: LANGUAGE 3

GRAMMAR: CLEFT SENTENCES – Câu chẻ

I. Định nghĩa:

Câu chẻ hay còn được gọi là câu nhấn mạnh (Cleft sentences) được sử dụng khi muốn nhấn mạnh vào một đối tượng hay sự việc nào đó. Câu thường chia làm hai vế, một vế chính và một vế là mệnh đề quan hệ sử dụng that, who,…

II. Cấu trúc:

It is/was + chủ ngữ + that/whom/who + mệnh đề

III. Các loại câu chẻ:

1. Nhấn mạnh chủ ngữ (subject focus):

Cấu trúc

It + is/was + chủ ngữ + who/that + mệnh đề

- My friend got a pet cat from Mrs. Smith last weekend.

It was my friend who/that got a pet cat from Mrs. Smith last weekend.  

- My brother collected these foreign stamps.

  It was my brother who collected these foreign stamps.

2. Nhấn mạnh tân ngữ (object focus):

Cấu trúc

It + is/was + tân ngữ cần nhấn mạnh + whom/that + mệnh đề

- My friend got a pet cat from Mrs. Smith last weekend.

It was a pet cat that my friend got from Mrs. Smith last weekend.

- I met Daisy on the way to school.

  It was Daisy who(m) I met on the way to school.

3. Nhấn mạnh trạng ngữ (adverbial focus):

Cấu trúc

It + is/was + trạng ngữ + that + mệnh đề

- My friend got a pet cat from Mrs. Smith last weekend.

It was last weekend that my friend got a pet cat from Mrs. Smith.

- We first met in December.

 It was in December that we first met.

EXERCISES:

Act.1. (Ex1. p.21 - Textbook) Rewrite each sentence to emphasise the underlined part.

1. It was her sad story that made me cry.

2. It is you who are to blame for the damage. / It's you that is to blame for the damage.

3. It's hiking in the forest that we really enjoy.

4. It's your parents that / who you should really speak to when you have problems.

5. It's his dishonesty that I dislike the most.

6. It's Jim that / who Lana is in a relationship with.

7. It was at the age of 20 that he became successful as a famous writer.

8. It was in a nice coffee shop that they had their first date.

Act.2. (Ex2. p.21 - Textbook) Write the answers to these questions. Use the words or phrases in brackets as the focus.

2. No. It was a smartphone that he gave me for my birthday.

3. No. It's in Tokyo that I'm going to spend the holiday with my family.

4. No. It's a lawyer that I want to become.

5. No. It's his brother that earns 10,000 dollars a month. / No. It's his brother who earns 10,000 dollars a month.

6. No. It's Ha that is in love with Phong. / No. It's Ha who is in love with Phong.

7. No. It's my friend that can speak three languages fluently. / No. It's my friend who can speak three languages fluently.

8. No. It's at 8 a.m. (tomorrow) that we have a meeting.

 

Act.3. (Ex3. p.28 - Textbook) Join the two parts to make cleft sentences.

1-f       2-d       3-a       4-g       5-b       6-c       7-e

Act.4. (Extra exercise 1) Choose the underlined part that is incorrect in the following sentences.

1. That was Jim who went to hospital last month.

A. That                        B. was                                     C. who                        D. went

2. It was in Paris that I first meet my wife.

A. in                            B. Paris                        C. that                                     D. meet

3. It is in 2010 that my life turned over a new leaf.

A. is                             B. that                                     C. turned                     D. leaf

4. It was on New Year's Eve who Mary broke up with her boyfriend.

A. was                         B. on                           C. who                        D. broke up with

5. It was her brother who dropped out of his university and setted up his business.

A. was                         B. who                        C. dropped                  D. setted up

KEY: 1. A      2. D     3. A     4. C     5. D

Act.5. (Extra exercise 2) Choose the correct sentence that is written using the underlined part and cleft sentence with “It”.

1. He spent his summer vacation in Da Lat.

A. It is in Da Lat that he spent his summer vacation.

B. It was in Da Lat that he spent his summer vacation.

C. It is in Da Lat that he spends his summer vacation.

D. It was in Da Lat where he spends his summer vacation.

2. Candidates all over the world took part in the competition with great enthusiasm.

A. It is great enthusiasm that candidates all over the world took part in the competition.

B. It was great enthusiasm that candidates all over the world took part in the competition.

C. It was with great enthusiasm that candidates all over the world took part in the competition.

D. It is with great enthusiasm which candidates all over the world take part the competition.

3. He gains impressive achievements at the age of 20.

A. It is at the age of 20 that he gains impressive achievements.

B. It was at the age of 20 that he gains impressive achievements.

C. It is at the age of 20 that he gained impressive achievements.

D. It was at the age of 20 that he gained impressive achievements.

4. Mary made a great contribution to her husband's success.

A. It is Mary who made a great contribution to her husband's success.

B. It was Mary who makes a great contribution to her husband's success.

C. It was Mary who made a great contribution for her husband's success.

D. It was Mary who made a great contribution to her husband's success.

5. Most parents are willing to lend their ear to their children.

A. They are their children that most parents are willing to lend their ear to.

B. It is their children that most parents are willing to lend their ear to.

C. They are their children that most parents are willing to lend their ear.

D. It is their children that most parents are willing to lend their ear.

KEY: 1. B      2. C     3. A     4. D     5. B

Homework:

- Redo the exercises.

- Revise the form and use of cleft sentences.

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