GRADE 12 -UNIT 2 - WRITING

GRADE 12 -UNIT 2 - WRITING

GRADE 12

WEEK: 6                               PERIOD: 16

 

UNIT 2: URBANISATION

Lesson: WRITING – Trends in urbanisation

 

WARM-UP

 

Act. 1.p.26.textbook: Match the phrases in the box with the graphs (1-6).

a. rise/ increase steadily: tăng dần

b. fall/ decrease sharply: giảm mạnh

c. stay the same/ remain stable/level off: giữ nguyên

d. fluctuate: biến động

e. rise/ increase sharply: tăng mạnh

f. fall/ decrease steadily: giảm dần


Act. 2.p.26.textbook: Rewrite the sentences without changing their meaning.
 

* Structure:

       S + V (rise/ increase/ fall/ decrease/…) + Adv (steadily/ sharply/ dramatically/…) + …

↔  There + “be” + a/ an + adj. (steady/ sharp/ dramatic/…) + N (rise/ increase/ fall/ decrease/…) + in …

E.g.+         The number of young people working on farms has decreased sharply over the past years.

@ There has been a sharp decrease in the number of young people working on farms.

+          The number of urban inhabitants rose by 15% from 1990 to 1995.

@ There was a rise of 15% in the number of urban inhabitants from 1990 to 1995.

 

* Key:

1. There has been a dramatic rise in the migration of young people to big cities.

2. Due to shortages of jobs, the population in rural areas has decreased in the last 10 years.

3. There was an increase of over 30% in the urbanisation rate in Indonesia from 1969 to 2009.

4. The rate of urbanisation in South Korea rose sharply during the period between 1969 and 1989.

5. There was a slight decrease in the urbanisation rate in this city during the economic crisis in 2008.

 

Act.3. Reorder the following sentences to make a description of the trends in the graph.

      The graph below shows UK acid rain emissions, measured in millions of tones, from four different sectors between 1990 and 2007.

 

 

A. It is clear that the total amount of acid rain emissions in the UK fell considerably between 1990 and 2007.

B. The transport and communication sector was responsible for about 0.7 million tones of emissions, while the domestic sector produced around 0.6 million tones.

C. The line graph compares four sectors in terms of the amount of acid rain emissions that they produced over a period of 17 years in the UK.

D. Just over 2 million tones of acid rain gases came from other industries.

E. The most dramatic decrease was seen in the electricity, gas and water supply sector.

F. Emissions from electricity, gas and water supply fell dramatically to only 0.5 million tones in 2007, a drop of almost 3 million tones.

G. While acid rain gases from the domestic sector and other industries fell gradually, the transport sector saw a small increase in emissions, reaching a peak of 1 million tones in 2005.

H. In 1990, around 3.3 million tones of acid rain emissions came from the electricity, gas and water sector.

 

Key:  1. C        2. A     3. E      4. H     5. B     6. D     7. F      8. G

 

Act. 4 (3.p.26.textbook): The line graph below shows the urbanisation rate in South Korea and Indonesia. Write a description (of about 150 words) of the trends in the graph.

 

OUTLINE:

* Introduction:  - The (line) chart shows/ illustrates/ indicates ……  (the name of the chart)

* Overview: - It is clear from the chart/ According to the chart/ It can be seen that / Overall, …...

                                                                                                                                   (the main trends)

* Details:

Structure:

       S + V (rise/ increase/ fall/ decrease/…) + Adv (steadily/ sharply/ dramatically/…) + …

↔  There + “be” + a/ an + adj. (steady/ sharp/ dramatic/…) + N (rise/ increase/ fall/ decrease/…) + in …

 

            Time:

                        + from … to … / between … and …

                        + during/ for    + a/ an + … -year/ -month period

                                                + a period of … years/ months

* Conclusion (optional):  - In conclusion, it is clear that ……

 

HOMEWORK:  Write a description (of about 150 words) of the trends in the graph. (3.p.26.textbook).

 

 

 

 

 

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