Week: 5 - Period: 15
UNIT 2: URBANISATION
Lesson: READING 2
URBANISATION AND ITS CAUSES
Act. 2: (2, page 23/textbook) Read the text and check the predictions in 1.
1. Urbanisation happened first in more economically developed countries, then in less economically developed countries.
2. Urbanisation has increased in rich countries since 1950s.
3. Lack of resources in rural areas is one of the factors leading to urbanisation in less developed countries.
4. The standard of living in cities and rural areas is more or less the same.
5. By 2050, more than two thirds of the world's population are expected to live in urban areas.
KEY: 1 – T. 2 – F. 3 – T. 4 – F. 5 – T
Act. 3. (4, page 24/textbook) Questions and answers.
1. It's a process by which urban areas grow bigger as more and more people leave the countryside to live in towns and cities.
2. MEDCs stands for more economically developed countries. LEDCs stands for less economically developed countries.
3. Before the 1950s, rapid urbanisation took place in Europe and North America because it was the period of industrialisation in these areas.
4. After 1950, urbanisation started to grow rapidly in LEDCs.
5. Some of the ‘push’ factors of urbanisation are lack of resources in rural areas, bad weather conditions, and competition from large agricultural companies.
6. Because they have to suffer bad weather conditions and competition from large agricultural companies.
7. Some of the ‘pull’ factors of urbanisation are the centralisation of resources such as money, services, wealth and opportunities as well as the higher living standards of these areas.
Act. 4. (5, page 24/textbook) Discussion
How has your area been affected by urbanisation?
- Some problems include inadequate water and sanitation, lack of rubbish disposal, and industrial pollution.
- Urbanisation has provided opportunities, higher incomes and better access to health facilities and education.
- Economy: Urbanisation leads to fast economic growth in my area, which provides jobs for thousands of people.
- Sociology: Urbanisation promotes higher living standard in my area. People have money to build high and modern houses and get easier access to good health care, high-qualified education service, etc.
- Environment: Urbanisation results in polluted rivers and lakes in my area. People suffer from unpleasant smells from factories' chimneys and drink toxic water from dirty rivers.
2. Do exercises 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 / page 25 – textbook (Lesson: Listening)
- mindset /ˈmaɪnd.set/ (n): a person's way of thinking and their opinions (tư duy)
- discrimination /dɪˌskrɪm.ɪˈneɪ.ʃən/ (n): the practice of treating one person or group unfairly because of their sex, race or age (sự phân biệt đối xử)
- sanitation /ˌsæn.əˈteɪ.ʃən/ (n): the protection of public health by removing and treating dirty water, waste, etc (hệ thống vệ sinh)
- prestigious /presˈtɪdʒ.əs/ (a): very much respected and admired, usually because of being important (có uy tín)
- robbery (n) /’rɒbəri/: the crime of stealing from somewhere or someone (vụ ăn cướp)
- kidnapping (n) /’kɪdnæpɪŋ/ : an occasion when someone is kidnapped (vụ bắt cóc)
- slum (n) /slʌm/ a very poor and crowded area, especially of a city (khu nhà ổ chuột)
- murder (n) /’mɜ:də(r)/ the crime of intentionally killing a person (tội giết người)
- progressive /prəˈɡres.ɪv/ (a): supporting new and modern ideas and favouring change (tiến bộ, cải cách)
- fluctuation (n) /’flʌktʃu’eɪʃn/: a change, or the process of changing, especially continuously between one level or thing and another (sự dao động, biến động)
- housing /'hauziɳ/ (n): buildings and other shelters that people live in; provision of accommodation (nơi trú ngụ)
* Link listening: https://vietjack.com/tieng-anh-12-moi/unit-2-listening.jsp